Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia

 

Alzheimer’s is diagnosed through a complete medical assessment. If you or a loved one have concerns about memory loss or other symptoms of Alzheimer’s or dementia, it is important to be evaluated by a physician.

Steps to diagnosis

There is no single test that shows a person has Alzheimer’s. While physicians can almost always determine if a person has dementia, it may be difficult to determine the exact cause. Diagnosing Alzheimer’s requires careful medical evaluation, including:

  • A thorough medical history
  • Mental status and mood testing
  • A physical and neurological exam
  • Tests (such as blood tests and brain imaging) to rule out other causes of dementia-like symptoms

Experts estimate a skilled physician can diagnose Alzheimer’s with more than 90 percent accuracy. The first step in following up on symptoms is finding a doctor you feel comfortable with. Many people contact their regular primary care physician or internist about their concerns regarding memory loss. Primary care doctors often oversee the diagnostic process themselves.Having trouble with memory does not mean you have Alzheimer’s. Many health issues can cause problems with memory and thinking. When dementia-like symptoms are caused by treatable conditions — such as depression, drug interactions, thyroid problems, excess use of alcohol or certain vitamin deficiencies — they may be reversed.

Your primary care doctor may refer you to a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias.

Specialists include:

  • Neurologists, who specialize in diseases of the brain and nervous system
  • Psychiatrists, who specialize in disorders that affect mood or the way the mind works
  • Psychologists with special training in testing memory and other mental functions

Information from www.alz.org, click the link to learn more about Alzheimers.

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